Positions of adverbs
There are 3 positions for adverbs in a sentence:
- front position (at the beginning of a sentence)
- end position (at the end of a sentence)
- mid-position (in the middle of a sentence).
|adverb||subject||(auxiliary 1)||(auxiliary 2)||main verb||(object)|
|1.||Suddenly,||the man||saw||the house.|
|3.||Finally,||the speaker||ended||his presentation.|
Usually in front position: sentence adverbs (examples 1 and 2) and linking adverbs (example 3)
Many other types of adverbs can go in front position if they are emphasized!
|subject||(auxiliary 1)||(auxiliary 2)||main verb||(object)||adverb|
|2.||My sister||is sleeping||in the garden|
|3.||Mary||will||be||sleeping||at ten o’clock|
Usually in end position: adverbs of manner (example 1), place (example 2), definite time (example 3) and definite frequency (example 4).
Many other types of adverbs can go in end position if they are emphasized!
More than one adverb in end position
For more than one adverb in end position the rule is:
- manner → place → time
- more specific → more general.
|1.||Jason is flying||to New York||at 8 o’clock on Saturday.|
|2.||Gina behaved||strangely||at the party||last night.|
For adverbs in mid position, there are three basic rules:
(A) The adverb goes between subject and verb.
|1.||We||often||go||to the disco.|
|2.||The sun||always||rises||in the east.|
(B) If the verb is a form of »to be«, the adverb comes after the form of »to be«.
|2.||Chris||is||sometimes||nervous before tests.|
(C) If there is one auxiliary or more, the adverb comes after the first auxiliary.
|subject||auxiliary 1||adverb||(auxiliary 2)||main verb||object|
|1.||Mary||has||just||been||called||to the doctor.|
|3.||Our parents||are||soon||going to||leave||the house.|
Usually in mid-position: short adverbs of indefinite time (examples C.1 and C.3), adverbs of indefinite frequency (all other examples).
- Position of Adverbs (this page explains the position of adverbs based on their type:
- Adverbs of manner (Adverbien der Art und Weise) – they give you information about »HOW« something happened.
- they don’t mention: Adverbs of degree (Gradadverbien) – »HOW MUCH« – They are sometimes put with the adverbs of manner as one subgroup (Teilgruppe) of those. You can learn more about different types of adverbs here: Kinds of Adverbs
- Adverbs of place (Adverbien des Orts) – »WHERE«
- Adverbs of time (Adverbien der Zeit) – »WHEN«
- Adverbs of frequency (Adverbien der Häufigkeit) – »HOW OFTEN«
- Position of adverbs with some explanation and an exercise
englisch/positions-of-adverbs.txt · Zuletzt geändert: 06.08.2020 (11:28) von 127.0.0.1